Many times we come across people suffering from stroke around us. Stroke is one of a serious medical problem caused due to improper blood supply to any part of the brain. It is a life threatening disease which in short called us “brain attack”. As the blood supply to the brain is interrupted, the brain cells get deprived of oxygen & nutrients start dying within minutes. Stroke is considered as medical emergency. Potential complications can be minimized when the person is treated soon. There are 2 types of strokes.
Ischemic stroke is like getting heart attack in the brain’s blood vessels. It occurs due to the formation of clots. These clots formed in the blood vessels which travel to the brain, stops the flow of blood. When the blood flow decreases then the cells starts to die. This type of stroke also occurs as a result of too much of fat deposit & cholesterol which affects the passage of blood. 80% of stroke are ischemic. Haemorrhagic stroke is a type of stroke caused due to high blood pressure in the brain and brain aneurysms i.e. weakness or thinness of blood vessel wall.
Stroke has an adverse effect on brain. Brain is the control system for the entire body to function properly. When the blood flows to a region that controls the body function is not reached then that part of the body won’t work. Effect of stroke depends on the extent of brain tissues affected. Stroke results in
- Vision problem
- Memory loss
- Behavioural changes
- Speech problem
- Paralytic attack on left or right side of the body.
Signs & Symptoms of stroke:
- Sudden numbness on face, arm or leg either on right or left side of the body.
- Face sudden trouble in speaking and may experience confusion.
- Blurred or blackened vision in one or both eyes
- Difficulty in walking & loss of balance.
- Severe headache
- Body pain
- Emotional problem
If you notice these sign & symptoms then seek immediate consultation from the doctor.
There are various factors which increase the risk of stroke that include,
- Physical inactivity
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Smoking & drinking
- Family stroke history
Prevention of stroke
You can prevent stroke by controlling the risk factors. You can follow these tips to adopt brain-healthy behaviour.
- Be physically active
- Have a control on your weight
- Have proper sleep
- Control blood pressure
- Have work life balance to reduce stress
- Control blood sugar
- Reduce the cholesterol
- Quit smoking
- Eat healthy diet
Treatment for stroke
With advanced treatment facilities, strokes could be treated easily. The treatment shall be based on the type of stroke (ischemic or haemorrhagic) and the part of brain which was affected. The strokes could be treated with medicines to reduce blood pressure, cholesterol level and remove the clot in the blood vessel. Surgeries are also done in severe cases. The rehabilitation period is long who survive after stroke.
Stroke is a serious disease and to control it, we need to keep up a good lifestyle. Watch out the signs & symptoms and be aware of the effects of stroke. Healthy life is very important for a longer life span.