Stroke, which is also known as cerebrovascular accident or brain attack is the third leading cause of death in the world. The term stroke is used to define an event that can be caused by a number of different pathological processes.
In most of the stroke cases, a warning sign or symptom might have occurred and gone unrecognized. Regardless of the cause, the parts of the brain damaged by the loss of blood supply can no longer perform their specific cognitive, sensory, motor, or emotional functions.
Stroke is caused by the interrupt of oxygen supply to the brain tissues and that lead to a serious damage.
ISCHEMIC STROKE: When the oxygen supply to the brain gets interrupted with the reasoning of blockage in the artery
HEMORRHAGIC STROKE: It occurs when the blood vessel in the brain get leaked or burst.
Stroke normally appears with the loss of sensory and motor functions on one side of the body. The common stroke symptoms include;
Loss of speech and trouble in understanding the speech.
Numbness in your face, arms and legs
Trouble in walking or movements
Early recognition of stroke is important as it can expedite the treatment. Stroke can be diagnosed through various methods like the observation of medical features, neurological examination, CT scans, MRI scans, Doppler ultrasound or arteriography.
The commonly used treatments to treat stroke are tissue plasminogen activator for clot dissolution and surgery to increase cerebral circulation. Other common treatment methods include anticoagulants and anticonvulsants.
Obesity or overweight, physical inactivity, alcoholism, usage of drugs, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, any kind of heart defects are some of the risks factors that lead to stroke. A person with a family history of stroke, people who are above 55 years of age are also prone to the condition.
Stroke can be prevented by treating the underlying risk factors like diabetes and hypertension. The condition can also be prevented by lifestyle modification and balanced diet.
Few things, which really help you to prevent stroke are;
Avoid taking food that is rich in fat.
Practice a healthy diet (Have plenty of fruits, vegetable, and whole grains, nuts, seeds and legumes.
Maintain a healthy body weight
Try to avoid self-medications
Regular physical exercise
Stop consuming alcohol
Keeping blood pressure under control
Rehabilitation therapies after a stroke help the individuals to overcome the disabilities caused by stroke. Both the patient and family members have to get familiar with the stroke management. Some patients may also get post-stroke depression. Psychologists, social workers and family members can support the patients to recover from such situations. Stroke is preventable and treatable. The awareness on the stroke is the key factor to the management of the condition.