Stroke is considered as one of the major health issues that could cause fatal consequences. It occurs when the blood that suppliesoxygen along with the nutrients to the brain cells, is blocked by the plaque that is formed inside the blood vessels. As the essential nutrients and oxygen are not received to function the brain cells get damaged and die.
The early warning signs of stroke could be observed clearly. As soon as you observe the following symptoms in a person, reach out for medical help as soon as possible. The sooner the medical help is provided, the less the impact of stroke will be on that person.
Here are the basic first-aid step that you need to take to keep the person in a stable condition till the medical help arrives.
Observe and Act FAST: The term – FAST is widely used in stroke first-aid, globally. The steps that are involved in FAST are:
- Face – Observe the face of the person. It may look numb or become droop on one side. Especially, the person struggles to keep the lower jaw close to the upper jaw.
- Arms – The person will not be able to hold anything with the arm that has been affected. One arm remains lower than the other when the person try to lift both hands.
- Speech – They may repeat a sentence more than once or the speech becomes slurred. You could clearly see the difference in their speech if you knew them personally.
- Time – If you have observed the three symptoms mentioned above, it is time for you to seek medical help as early as possible. Every second counts and you may have to get medical help at the earliest as there are chances for another stroke.
There are other symptoms such as:
- Blurred Vision – The vision becomes blurred or one eyebecomes blind. Sometimes, the person could also experience sparkles in the vision.
- Dizziness – Feels lightheaded and dizziness. He may take time to understand what you are saying and appear numb.
- Loss of Balance – Loses balance could and could not lift the arm or leg. Typically, the leg and arm would be the same side, the face become drooped.
What You Should Do –
- You should react fast and most importantly ensure the person is helped and taken to a safe place if he is driving or in a place where he could get hurt.Check for if he has been hurt in case there is fall.
- Remove the tie or scarf for better airflow. Check inside the mouth and ensure the airway is not being obstructed.
- Talk to that person in a reassuring manner and in general. Mentioning about stroke should be avoided and you could ask the person their name and about how they feel.
- Lay him down on a flat surface and ensure he is sufficiently ventilated. If he is conscious, inform the help is on the way.
- Check for vitals such as pulse, breathe and heartbeat. Check for the airway for free airflow.
If the vitals’ response is negative, continue to perform a CPR till the help arrives.
- Clean if there are any secretions that are coming from mouth and ensure the airway is not obstructed.
Stroke could be devastating!Not only for that person but alsofor the people around him. Do not panic but try to help! Your small acts could save a life. Let your brain work and do what helps the person to remain on a stable condition till the help arrives.