One of the major causes of saviour illness and long term physical impairments prevalent in the aged community can be attributed to ‘Stroke’. A Stroke is a medical condition that occurs due to shortage or interrupted supply of blood to the brain. This in turn causes deprivation of oxygen and nutrient supply to the brain cells creating extensive damage, which may subsequently, even cause their death. A stroke may arise due to two reasons –
A blocked artery causing an ‘Ischemic Stroke’. A Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) causes a temporary blockage blood supply to the brain but does not cause permanent damage.Bursting or leaking of blood vessels leading to a ‘Haemorrhagic Stroke’.
There are numerous neuro-protective drugs and diets that provide the required healing after a stroke. Simultaneously there are proactive measures that may be taken for preventing a stroke from occurring itself through foods and health supplements.
- Health conditions like increased blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol levels( high “bad” cholesterol(LDL)/ low “good” cholesterol(HDL) )
- People with diseases like Atrial Fibrillation, Atherosclerosis or Carotid Artery disease or a family history of these conditions.
- Unhealthy Lifestyles with little/ no exercising and Smoking habits
- Obesity/Over Weight issues
- Imbalanced and unhealthy diet that has more trans-fat, cholesterol, sodium and sugar
- Age related factors wherein the risk of stroke potentially increases after age of fifty five years. Also, its probability of occurrence becomes more with each additional decade of life.
Major symptoms that depict that stroke has occurred include-
- Drooping in the face including uneven smile
- Difficulties in speech(slur/incomprehension/inability to respond to questions or even repeat a simple sentence)
- Physical weakness in the arm including any signs of numbness particularly on one side Other symptoms include
- Blurred vision/involuntary eye movements
- Paralysis/Numbness/Pricking sensation in any body part
- Dizziness/Loss of balance in walking(vertigo)
- Unusually high headache
- Mental confusion/loss of memory/changes in behavioural patterns
- Inability to speak, slurred speech
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Stiffness /rigidity in muscles
- If any of these symptoms occur, it is crucial to rush that person to a hospital as soon as possible for ensuring prompt treatment to prevent permanent thereby saving a life or preventing long time disability.
Stroke results in physical disabilities, speech difficulties and/or cognitive problems. It is interesting to note that stroke recovery timeline for each patient is different and depends on its intensity, compliance to rehabilitation mechanisms and their own self-motivation. However, apart from prescribed medication, food plays an enormous role in reducing the risk factors and can even improve the body’s ability in healing after a stroke. Details are enumerated here-
- Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) plays the dual role of enhancing both body immunity and protects arteries from further damage after a stroke occurs. Also it reduces plaque accumulation thereby preventing subsequent attacks.
- Vitamin B(Niacin) helps recover brain functions after stroke and increases good cholesterol levels
Co-enzyme Q 10 that has anti-oxidant properties and reduces tissue damage in strokes and prevents cardio vascular diseases thereby sustaining subsequent attacks.Mineral supplements of Selenium boosts immunity in the body and brain so that it can heal to its maximum ability post stroke occurrence. It is found in flaxseeds, salmon and mackerel. Deficiency of Selenium causes increased plaque in arteries thereby increasing probability of stroke.Omega 3 fatty acids (as in fish oil) reduces triglyceride levels, decreases mortality risks after heart attacks, prevents development of new plaque deposits in arteries and decreases inflammation enabling healing process.
Vitamin B12, Vitamin D, Proteolytic enzymes and Probiotics also aid in quick recovery from stroke. As a precautionary measure, physicians must be consulted before these diets and supplements are taken.
Recovery from stroke could involve a combination of medication, physical and occupational therapy, speech-language pathology and a balanced diet of whole grain foods and diet supplements which make body healthier and takes recuperation to higher levels.
Stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is either reduced or stopped, or if the blood vessel supplying oxygen and glucose to the brain tissue gets damaged resulting in brain tissue’s death. Compromised blood supply to brain for more than three minutes may lead to death of tissue in that particular area of brain and may cause disability or even death. Sometimes the underlying medical conditions increase the risk of stroke. Keeping such risk factors under control and making necessary changes in diet and lifestyle, one can prevent a stroke.
Common risk factors for stroke are:
- High BP(greater than 140/90 mm hg)
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- High total cholesterol (greater than 200 units)
- Atrial fibrillation (irregular heart rhythm)
- Circulation problems such as carotid and /or coronary artery disease
- Family history of heart disease
- Sedentary life.
People with diabetes are two to four times more susceptible to have stroke than people without diabetes and are also more prone to develop other heart and kidney diseases. Diabetes is a condition characterised by Hyperglycaemia i.e. increased blood sugar levels. The Fasting normal blood sugar levels are 90-110 mg/dl of blood and the Postprandial count (blood sugar levels taken two hours after meals) should be less than 140 mg/dl. Pancreas in the body is responsible for production of hormone Insulin, it is Insulin with the help of which glucose enters cells and provides energy. In Diabetes, the pancreas fail to produce insulin in the right amounts due to which the cells do not receive enough glucose whereas the sugar levels in the blood increases. Over time, this increased blood sugar level increases the tendency of blood to form fatty deposits or clots on the inside of the blood vessel’s walls which leads to Atherosclerosis of blood vessels of the neck and brain, thus directly increases the chance of stroke.
Two common types of stroke:
- Ischemic stroke: It is estimated that 80% of all strokes are Ischemic strokes. It occurs when the artery supplying oxygen rich blood to the brain is blocked either due to presence of clot or fat deposits on the inside of vessel. It can be further divided into two types:
- Thrombotic stroke
- Embolic stroke.
- Haemorrhagic stroke: It occurs when blood vessel ruptures inside brain causing increased intracranial pressure (increased blood pressure inside skull), responsible for damaging cells and tissues in the brain.
The best way to prevent a stroke is to control the risk factors and adapting a healthy lifestyle by maintaining a healthy blood pressure, blood sugar levels, blood cholesterol levels and keeping the weight under control. If it occurs even after prevention and mild stroke occurs then mild stroke treatment involves:
- Medication with Antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs such as Aspirin and Warfarin are given intravenously in the first 3-4 hours (after onset of symptoms), that acts as clot dissolving agents to improve the blood flow to the brain.
- If the medication alone doesn’t improve the condition then surgical intervention for Carotid Angioplasty and Stenting may be required for clearing the carotid artery of any fatty deposits and plaques.
What is a Stroke?
A stroke, or “mind assault,” happens when blood dissemination to the cerebrum comes up short. Cerebrum cells can pass on from diminished blood stream and the subsequent absence of oxygen. There are two general classifications of stroke:
- those caused by a blockage of blood stream and
- those caused by dying
Here are 6 solid propensities to lessen the chances Stroke Disease after 60
- High circulatory strain
Hypertension is an exemplary hazard factor that occurs in the elderly. In any case, the impact is more grounded in senior ladies. Hypertension regularly adds to stroke. Accordingly, if that happens, it is essential to get looked at, audit your family history, and continue best of it.
- Ride a bicycle for 20 mins day by day – physical activity for stroke
The elderly can ride a stationary bicycle for 20 minutes day by day. Research has demonstrated better wellbeing conditions if so are finished.
- Eat off littler plates – and don’t skip breakfast (healthy eating plan)
Research demonstrates that being fat builds the odds of having a stroke identified with a blood coagulation by 64%, so eliminating high-fat nourishments, eating more fiber and getting your five leafy foods a day would all be able to help diminish stroke hazard. Eating will influence you to feel more beneficial and stop you eating amid the day, the Stroke Association brings up.
- Don’t be terrified to look for help for stress and melancholy
In spite of the fact that the circumstances and end results connection between stress or melancholy and stroke isn’t clear, these psychological well-being conditions do appear to go about as markers, particularly in the elderly. Individuals with melancholy are about twice as liable to have a stroke. Ensure you’re seeing your specialist about some other conditions you may have that expansion the danger of stroke, including coronary illness, diabetes, elevated cholesterol and unpredictable pulse.
- Know your hazard.
Studies demonstrate that the quantity of ladies who have heart assaults increments drastically, particularly after menopause. Be that as it may, fortunately you have the ability to lessen your hazard, and on the off chance that you do show at least a bit of kindness condition, there is bounty you can do to oversee it. An awesome place to begin is by taking a wellbeing checkup. It just takes a couple of minutes and alongside your outcomes, you’ll get an activity design. Consider it a modified manual for enable you to accomplish your wellness and sustenance objectives, and live heart brilliant.
- Know your numbers –Reduce stroke risk factors
Knowing the numbers that affect your heart is a critical stride toward solid living. Here’s a snappy diagram of the numbers you have to know and your objectives. Make sure to converse with your specialist to perceive how your present numbers measure up.
- Add up to cholesterol under 200 mg/dL
- HDL (great) cholesterol 50 mg/dL or higher
- LDL (terrible) cholesterol under 100 mg/dL
- Triglycerides 150 mg/dL
- Circulatory strain under 120/80 mm Hg
- Body Mass Index under 25 kg/m2
- Abdomen periphery under 35 in.
The two common age related diseases – stroke and dementia. Though these two medical conditions are common in the elderly, there are certain other factors that attributes to these two diseases such as diabetes and some of the food and lifestyle habits. It is an irony that sometimes diabetic medications and sugary food substitutes may lead to other medical conditions. Few to mention would be insulin, though the perfect medicine for diabetic control leads to obesity, a root cause for all ailments. Hence doctors advise an early detection of diabetes that can be controlled with pills. Another common known fact is diabetic patients are reluctantly prone to usage of artificial sweeteners which worsens many medical conditions in patients. Doctors strictly condemn the usage of artificial sweeteners encouraging fruit sugars as a substitute.
Does artificial sweetened drinks have an impact on stroke and dementia?
Well, the debate is still ongoing. Researchers have not proven with any clear evidence that artificial sweetened drinks cause stroke and dementia. But, they never deny the fact that person drinking more than one can of artificial sweetened drinks has higher risk of stroke and dementia – three times more than a person with other causes. Thus, doctors always advice to drink more water than artificially sweetened drinks artificial sweeteners are produced naturally from fruit substances and synthetically produced through chemicals such as sucrose, etc. Today soft drinks, sweets, chocolates, beverages are sold as diet products that contain a mix of artificial sweeteners which are injurious to health.
So let us discuss on certain foods and exercises to handle stroke:
Food for stroke patients
- Avoid high salt and high cholesterol foods
- Eat more fruits and vegetables around 5-7 servings a day.
- Add breads baked from whole grains and cereals rich in fibre.
- Above all do not miss breakfasts.
Diet always handshakes with exercise to remain healthy. Here are few exercises for stroke patients:
- Trunk rotation: place your right hand on your left thigh and rotate your torso to the left with your back and spine straight.
- Lateral trunk flexion: lower your left shoulder on the left in a seated position.
- Forward punches: Join your hands together in position parallel to the floor and give a forward punch. Repeat for 15 times in a sitting position.
- Knee to chest: In lying position bring your leg to your chest holding with your hands. Squeeze your muscles when the folded leg is near your chest. Repeat 15 times with both legs.
- Toe taps: In lying position, lift your leg bending your knee with your thigh in perpendicular position. Then slowly lower your leg and tap the floor. Repeat with both legs for 15 times.
Protect your dear ones with early detection of the following signs of dementia:
- Short term memory
- Depression and frequent mood swings.
- Loss of interest in anything known as Apathy.
- Normal routine difficulties where inability to perform daily chores such as managing usual tasks done before at ease.
- Confused thinking and actions such as forgetting simple things, doing things repeatedly, forgetting familiar faces and places.
- Experiencing difficulties to comprehend, following a conversation, keeping pace during any conversation.
Stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is either reduced or stopped, or if blood vessel supplying oxygen and glucose to the brain tissue ruptures resulting in brain tissue’s death. Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability which can also be prevented with some changes in lifestyle and by taking proper precautions. Smoking is one of the major contributing factors that increases the risk of heart diseases and stroke significantly.
How Smoking Causes Stroke?
- During smoking, the tobacco smoke that we inhale contains thousands of harmful toxic chemicals. These toxic chemicals potentially change and damage cell in the body. These toxins damage the artery making it more liable to rupture, increasing the risk of stroke.
- The toxins make blood stickier and increase clot-forming tendency of blood. This makes the arteries narrow reducing the blood supply to brain in-turn resulting in stroke.
- Smoking increases the level of bad cholesterol (LDL cholesterol) and reduces the level of good cholesterol (HDL cholesterol) which further worsens the condition and makes the person more susceptible for stroke.
- It is an established fact that there is a strong correlation between smoking and blood pressure. Smoking leads to increased blood pressure, which is one of the major reasons of stroke and accounts for about 50% of ischemic strokes. It is also established that smoking almost doubles the risk of ischemic stroke.
- Smoking reduces the amount of oxygen in blood, which exerts increased workload on heart as compared to a non-smoker heart.
Altogether, the above stated factors lead to thickening and narrowing the blood vessels, which leads to altered blood supply to brain, causing stroke. Smoking combined with other stroke risk factors such as obesity, high blood pressure and total cholesterol count of body, sedentary lifestyle, and stress increase the risk of stroke many a times.
Susceptibility for stroke increases three folds for smokers. Frequency of smoking also increases the risk of having cardiovascular diseases (disease related to heart and blood vessels). Smoking up to 20 cigarettes per day increases the risk for stroke up to six times as compared to a non-smoker. Smokers who have had stroke must stop smoking as they are at greatest risk of having another stroke if they continue smoking.
Though smoking increases the risk of stroke markedly but not all smokers are at risk of having stroke as it largely depends on the severity and frequency of smoking. Sometimes other health and lifestyle related factors are responsible for causing stroke.
- The reduction in frequency of smoking and few changes in lifestyle can save the person from the debilitating effects of stroke. Person who has had stroke should stop smoking completely.
- Habit cannot change at once. Gradual reduction in frequency will help.
- Pregnant women and women’s on birth control pills should not smoke.
- Menthol cigarettes are supposed to have a higher stroke risk as compared to non-menthol cigarettes.
- Exercise can bring remarkable changes in body as it brings down the increased BP to normal, improves heart function, and reduces total cholesterol and helps in reducing anxiety and depression. Thus, exercise for stroke patients is very crucial.
- Healthy food habits, which comprise of no saturated and Trans-fat instead greater potions of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low fat dairy products and lean meat, should be consumed. Alcohol consumption should be completely stopped.
- Stress management will help in keeping BP normal.
It has been observed that body starts repair and healing soon after quitting smoking. Thus the sooner smoking is stopped better would be the outcome!
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability all over the world. Sometimes the underlying medical conditions increase the risks of stroke. By keeping these risk factors under control and by making few changes in diet and lifestyle, one can prevent a stroke.
Most common stroke risk factors are:
- High BP(greater than 140/90 mm hg)
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- High total cholesterol (greater than 200 units)
- Atrial fibrillation (irregular heart rhythm)
- Circulation problems such as carotid and /or coronary artery disease
- Sedentary Life
Prevention of medical risk factors
- High BP (Hypertension): High BP goes undetected sometimes so the only way of knowing hypertension is to get it checked regularly. It weakens the blood vessels, increases the chances of atherosclerosis and blockage and thus puts the person on risk of stroke drastically.
- Hypertension can be controlled by taking proper medications and by taking less sodium, fat-free healthy diet, exercising regularly and proper stress management.
- Uncontrolled diabetes: People with diabetes due to presence of high blood sugar levels are more prone to develop atherosclerosis, which directly increases the chances of stroke.
- Proper medication along with healthy lifestyle and diet altogether will help in controlling diabetes.
- High Cholesterol: High cholesterol levels (more than 200 mg/dl) increases the chances of blockage within the arteries supplying blood to brain, which may lead to stroke.
- Maintaining high levels of LDL (good cholesterol), low levels of HDL (bad cholesterol) and lowering the total cholesterol will lower the risk remarkably.
- Diet and exercise are highly effective in lowering the cholesterol but in severe cases cholesterol lowering medicines may be needed.
- Atrial fibrillation (Irregular heartbeats) and other circulation problems: Atrial fibrillation can be a potential threat to stroke patients as it increases the chances of clot formation in major blood vessels supplying the brain quite severely.
- Keeping it controlled with the help of healthy living style, can cut down the risk of stroke by 80%.
Adopting a Healthy lifestyle
It is the only way you can prevent the risk of stroke . Not just stroke but a healthy lifestyle prevents many health issues.
- To lower the odds of having stroke or even relapse of stroke, diet plays a very important role. Low sodium diet, which comprise sodium not more than 2300 mg/day and up to 1500 mg/day for people age above 50 yrs.
- Food for stroke patients should have all the essential nutrients in right proportion and consuming the right amount of food will makes the difference.
- Vegetables, fruits, low fat or fat free dairy products, whole grains will help in reducing total cholesterol, BP and excess body weight. Lean meat, fish should be preferred over red meat.
- Food products having Trans fats should be completely shunned. Processed food and beverages having excess sugar and Trans fats should be avoided.
- Physical activity in any form will improve the overall health of the individual by improving metabolism, improving heart function and reducing BP and cholesterol. Benefits are countless and can even help in stress management. Inactivity and sedentary life puts a lot of negative impact on the overall health of the person. Thus, exercise for stroke patients is highly recommended.
- Obesity can expose a person to many medical problems because of the greater chances of having high cholesterol levels, high BP and can become a cause for heart disease and diabetes (type II).
- Maintaining a healthy weight is very important.
- Smoking alone can significantly increase the risk of stroke.
- Smoking along with other risk factors such as hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity, stress etc. increase the risk factor for stroke many folds.
- Quitting smoking will help in preventing stroke and control other severe medical problems too.
- Heavy drinkers are at great risk factors of stroke. Heavy alcoholism can cause liver damage due to which formation of substances that cause blood clotting may get hampered.
- It may directly increase the risk of having stroke caused by bleeding in brain (Haemorrhage). Hence smoking and consumption of alcohol should be completely stopped.
Stroke is a medical emergency that requires immediate attention and proper care. It happens when blood supply to the brain is either reduced or stopped, or when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures due to which brain cells get deprived of oxygen and glucose required for their functioning. It can be fatal or can lead to permanent disability.
The most common risk factor for stroke is high BP. It increases person’s risk to stroke by four to six times. It is responsible for about 50 per cent of ischemic strokes and also increases the risk of haemorrhagic stroke markedly. High blood pressure is defined as a systolic blood pressure above 140 mmHg and/or a diastolic blood pressure above 90 mmHg. Systolic blood pressure is the maximum pressure in the arteries during contraction of heart. Diastolic blood pressure is the minimum pressure in the arteries between the heart’s contractions.
Symptoms associated with hypertension are tiredness, confusion, angina-like chest pain, blood in urine, nosebleed, irregular heartbeat, ear noise or buzzing, vision changes and heart failure as well. Hypertension doesn’t manifests it’s symptoms with its onset, it’s often diagnosed when significant damage has already occurred. Hypertension puts lot of strain on blood vessels that weakens them and make them prone to blockage and damage (at the end). Uncontrolled or untreated hypertension leads to atherosclerosis that is hardening and narrowing of blood vessels, which can further lead to blockage of blood vessels in brain result in stroke.
There are two types of stroke which are as follows:
- Ischemic stroke: It accounts for almost 80% of all strokes. It occurs when the artery that supplies oxygen-rich blood to brain is blocked. This stroke can be again of two types:
- Thrombotic stroke – happens because of clots in the blood stream. Clots can be formed either in the brain’s blood vessels or blood vessels that leads to brain, or blood vessels elsewhere in the body which then travel to the brain and block the blood supply to brain’s cells.
- Embolic stroke – is the second type of ischemic stroke that happens when a blood clot or plaque (fatty deposits and cholesterol) known as embolus travels through blood stream and blocks the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a part of brain.
- Haemorrhagic strokesoccur when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures or leaks blood. This causes swelling of the brain and increased pressure in the skull that damages cells and tissues in the brain. Most obvious reason for this is high BP.
Signs of Stroke:
Immediate treatment of stroke can save life or increase the chances of full recovery. The signs are:
- Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg (especially on one side of the body)
- Sudden blurred vision or decreased vision in one or both eyes
- Sudden inability to move a part of the body (paralysis)
- Sudden dizziness or headache with nausea and vomiting
- Difficulty in speaking or understanding words or simple sentences
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Dizziness, loss of balance, or poor coordination
- Brief loss of consciousness
- Sudden confusion
A transient ischemic attack (TIA), commonly known as a‘mini-stroke’can be a warning of an impending stroke. The signs and symptoms are same as of stroke but are temporary. It can occur from a few minutes to several months before stroke and happens when a particular part of brain is deprived of blood flow for 15 minutes or even less. Though TIA is a painless episode it should not be ignored and treated properly.
Treatment: Upto 80% of strokes are preventable by the control of risk factors. Some controllable risk factors include:
- High BP is the main risk factor. BP greater than 140/90(high BP) should be lowered down.it is the most effective way to prevent strokes .
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- High total cholesterol (greater than 200)
- Atrial fibrillation (irregular heart rhythm)
- Existing carotid and/or coronary artery disease
- Sedentary Life
If it occurs even after prevention then tissue plasminogen activator, TPA (clot dissolving agents) are given via intravenous therapy within the first 3 to 4 1/2 hours of the onset of stroke symptoms to improve blood flow to brain. In cases where it can’t be managed by TPAs, carotid artery angioplasty can be done to open the blockage or widen the artery via surgical approach.
Hyperlink – http://www.frontendersfoundation.com/stroke-support-program/
If you want to save your near ones from sudden stroke attacks, then nothing can be the best option other than stroke screening. Stroke symptoms and probabilities in future can be now easily detected with accuracy by means of these medical screenings. These screenings are absolutely safe and those diseases that might bring strokes can be detected by these tests.
This screening is nothing but a small part of health screening and this is necessary for aged fellows and those patients who are suffering from chronic diseases causing strokes. Basic stroke screening is beneficial for almost all patients. This screening is performed with the use of specialized medical equipment or tools. This screening is completely non-invasive and thus the patients will not get hurt from the same.
One of the most powerful motives of stroke test is to prevent stroke and its dreadful consequences that might happen in future. This is quite a simplified screening and it can be conducted at the time of health check-ups. If you have already faced mini strokes then you should get this screening on a frequent note so that big blows in future can be efficiently prevented. Stroke check-up can be now easily performed by choosing the right stroke prevention package.
There are some medical packages where this particular test is added as a free service. It means no additional cost is charged for this medical service. You should choose the screening package as per your requirement and convenience. Currently, doctors are strongly suggesting to include this screening in your monthly medical package so that you can stay away from the threats of strokes.
This type of screening is sometimes also termed as lifeline screening as it can help in preventing strokes as a result of which lifeline of patients can be increased. If you do not face strokes in future then you will enjoy a healthy life and your lifeline will automatically get extended.
- Aged persons
- Addicted fellows especially those who smoke and drink alcohol.
- Diabetic patients.
- People having a heredity trouble of cardiovascular-issue.
- High blood-pressure patients.
- Women taking birth-control medications.
- Weakness or numbness of any side of your body.
- Dizzy spells or trouble walking on a sudden note.
- Severe headache.
- Vision troubles either in both eyes or in any one eye.
- Sudden confusion onset accompanied by slurred speech.
If you are recently facing any of these troubles then you should definitely approach to your doctor and will have a thorough stroke examination so that future threats or possibilities can be easily avoided. In fact, this is one of the wisest strategies that can keep you healthy in the long run and will improve the overall functionality of different organs of your body.
A stroke is a complete mental and physical breakdown of a person. This is because a stroke affects our brain and the brain controls our emotions as well as actions. The caregiver needs to bear a lot of caution to take care of a stroke survivor. An injury from stroke may make the patient confused, angry and forgetful. But we can always be positive even when life is not on a fair tide with stroke survivors, and therapy for stroke patients is the only last straw.
1. Be ready to move the patient to wherever he or she desires to go:
A stroke patient might be challenged in his mobility and unable to move around or go anywhere they want. Offering transportation to a stroke patient, who needs to be present at many appointments during per week can be very demanding. Try to make certain that everyone in the family contributes to moving the stroke patient for all the care and recreation that he or she needs.
2. Plan out the affected person’s day:
It is seen that post-stroke treatment, stroke sufferers deliver good results, when they are capable of getting right into a routine of care. This is not to mention that every day ought to be exactly the same, however, sufferers need to have certain expectations. They should be allowed to follow a proper schedule such as eating breakfast, lunch, dinner on time and exercise regularly.
3. Assist the affected person with prescribed physical games:
After a stroke, an affected person may be recommended to play certain sport to help increase muscle energy. You may give the patient a latex-free REP Band resistive workout band for the resistive workout program, or do wrist and hand strengthening sporting events for which you may use our Eggsercizer Resistive Hand Exerciser. In this case, you should ensure that the patient follows appropriate positioning all through the physical games and which you are capable of assisting the affected person to prevent falls or different problems.
4. Assist the affected person with private hygiene:
It is extremely important that a stroke patient maintains his/her mobility. At the same time, make sure you have stroke awareness on a way to gently assist a patient without risking injury. You cannot risk any other complications for a person
5. Assist the affected person to consume and drink:
Some stroke patients can feed themselves shortly after leaving the hospital, however for other patients dysphagia (trouble in swallowing) can increase. This may turn risky because meals particulates can get caught inside the lungs that can then purpose critical infection and other issues. If we take adequate precautions for a person who has just recovered from the stroke then he can live longer and lead a normal life without any further complications. One can also find a support group in the community who has battled stroke and may prove clinical in recovery after the stroke.
Many times we come across people suffering from stroke around us. Stroke is one of a serious medical problem caused due to improper blood supply to any part of the brain. It is a life threatening disease which in short called us “brain attack”. As the blood supply to the brain is interrupted, the brain cells get deprived of oxygen & nutrients start dying within minutes. Stroke is considered as medical emergency. Potential complications can be minimized when the person is treated soon. There are 2 types of strokes.
Ischemic stroke is like getting heart attack in the brain’s blood vessels. It occurs due to the formation of clots. These clots formed in the blood vessels which travel to the brain, stops the flow of blood. When the blood flow decreases then the cells starts to die. This type of stroke also occurs as a result of too much of fat deposit & cholesterol which affects the passage of blood. 80% of stroke are ischemic. Haemorrhagic stroke is a type of stroke caused due to high blood pressure in the brain and brain aneurysms i.e. weakness or thinness of blood vessel wall.
Stroke has an adverse effect on brain. Brain is the control system for the entire body to function properly. When the blood flows to a region that controls the body function is not reached then that part of the body won’t work. Effect of stroke depends on the extent of brain tissues affected. Stroke results in
- Vision problem
- Memory loss
- Behavioural changes
- Speech problem
- Paralytic attack on left or right side of the body.
Signs & Symptoms of stroke:
- Sudden numbness on face, arm or leg either on right or left side of the body.
- Face sudden trouble in speaking and may experience confusion.
- Blurred or blackened vision in one or both eyes
- Difficulty in walking & loss of balance.
- Severe headache
- Body pain
- Emotional problem
If you notice these sign & symptoms then seek immediate consultation from the doctor.
There are various factors which increase the risk of stroke that include,
- Physical inactivity
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Smoking & drinking
- Family stroke history
Prevention of stroke
You can prevent stroke by controlling the risk factors. You can follow these tips to adopt brain-healthy behaviour.
- Be physically active
- Have a control on your weight
- Have proper sleep
- Control blood pressure
- Have work life balance to reduce stress
- Control blood sugar
- Reduce the cholesterol
- Quit smoking
- Eat healthy diet
Treatment for stroke
With advanced treatment facilities, strokes could be treated easily. The treatment shall be based on the type of stroke (ischemic or haemorrhagic) and the part of brain which was affected. The strokes could be treated with medicines to reduce blood pressure, cholesterol level and remove the clot in the blood vessel. Surgeries are also done in severe cases. The rehabilitation period is long who survive after stroke.
Stroke is a serious disease and to control it, we need to keep up a good lifestyle. Watch out the signs & symptoms and be aware of the effects of stroke. Healthy life is very important for a longer life span.